Letter K to Q
Metal connecting device (Aka "biner").
Modern climbing rope consisting of bundles of continuous nylon filaments
Piece of cord with a knot tied into the end that is used for protection
(pretty much like a nut). The traditional method of protecting climbs, and
still used in the Elbsandsteingebirge in Eastern Germany.
Somewhat clumsy looking climbing technique where hands and feet work
Person who leads a climb.
To ascend a climb from the bottom up, placing protection (or clipping
protection) as you go.
Flat bit on a rock (can be miniature or gigantic).
Type of rock found in abundance in southern France (usually white and
full of pockets and holds).
Karabiner that can be locked.
To hold on to the rock with one bent arm while using the other arm to
reach up for the next hold or to place or clip protection. Lockoffs on small
holds will get you pumped in a hurry.
To descend something or somebody.
Term used to describe a fixed bolt that looks like it was placed before the
last ice age. Use these bolts at your own discretion
Difficult balancing move useful to get up on ledges.
Climbing with a combination of different methods of ascent. e.g mixed
free and aid climbing, mixed rock and ice climbing, etc.
The gap between snow and ice on a rock wall. Has posed problems ever
since the middle ages.
The people who put their life on the line when you screw up badly.
The dirt and vegetation that can sometimes be found in cracks.
Multi pitch climb
Climb that consists of more than a single pitch.
Knot used for belaying (Aka italian hitch or friction hitch). The Germans
love this knot (see HMS).
An ancient term used to describe direct-aid climbing with pitons.
Rock with a characteristic pointed shape. Also known as pinnacle, aiguille,
A small col.
Metal wedge used for protection in cracks.
Piece of metal that can be used to remove stuck nuts or cams
Yelled when the climber no longer requires a belay.
Once the belayer hears "off belay", he/she
removes the rope from the belay device and yells "belay off". In UK,
Australia and New Zealand: "Safe".
A climb too wide to jam, too small to chimney. And then I've heard of
people who actually like this kind of climbing.
Query to verify if the belayer is ready to secure the climber (US only).
Leading a climb with no falls and no dogging and without any prior
attempts, watching someone do it or beta on how to do the moves.
Same as a dihedral or inside corner. Two panes of rock join in an acute or
obtuse corner that faces left or right.
Also known as pillar or arete.
A simple (but solid) knot in a double rope.
The simplest type of knot possible.
Rock (or ice) that is "more than vertical".
The lowest passage between two mountains. The french - but not just the
french - know this as a col. The mathematicians would call this the saddle
A somewhat larger ledge used to rest (and party !) during a particularly
hard or long climb. Sometimes used to refer to the belay station on a
A swing on the rope, either intentional to gain a distant anchor on big wall
climbs or unintentional when falling during a traverse with not enough pro
The haul bag.
To red-point a climb where the pro and runners have been pre-placed.
A section of climb between two belays and no longer than the length of
one rope (this used to mean 45m, nowadays pitches can also be 50 or
even 60m long -- check your topo).
Metal spike hammered into a crack (has come in disuse for all but some
special applications) (Aka "peg" in the UK).
A hold formed by a (small) depression in the rock.
A hanging tent with built in bed used on big walls (and big trees).
Anchors placed during the climb to protect the leader. Beware: even
properly placed pro does not prevent pregnancy or the transmission of
The sliding knot or the method to ascend a rope (named after its inventer
Dr. Karl Prusik).
The feeling of overworked muscles. Most climbers are familiar with the
forearm pump: too much finger work causes the forearms to swell and the
strength to disappear. With a serious forearm pump, even holding a glass
of beer can become a serious challenge.
Short sling with karabiners on either side.